Structuring the essay:Most essays follow a structure that is similar

Structuring the essay:Most essays follow a structure that is similar

Once you’ve analysed issue, carried out your initial research and decided on your own tentative place and type of argument, the next phase is to make a initial outline for the essay.

Most essays follow a structure that is similar including an introduction, human body paragraphs, and a summary, as shown within the diagram below.

A vital section of this preparation phase is working out of the many way that is logical provide your argument and supporting information so your audience can simply follow your thinking. Careful preparation will help make sure your argument is presented demonstrably and convincingly.


TEEL relates to means of structuring human anatomy paragraphs, and means:

This might be explained much more detail in the body that is writing area of the guide.

Sample essay outlines

Here are two types of essay outlines that have been written in reaction to the essay concern: ‘Explain the partnership between authorities tradition and police accountability’.

Variation 1 reflects the type of plans that numerous pupils create. It’s ok being a kick off point, nonetheless it has to be further developed. It’s very descriptive, and needs a more powerful argument and much much much deeper analysis. Variation 2, having said that, presents an obvious argument. The contention is stated by it within the introduction, followed closely by a group of supporting points which can be centered on proof.


  • Police culture comes from typical mission and feeling of ‘brotherhood’.
  • Police culture has bred cynicism, racism and a ‘code of silence’
  • This essay will explore effectation of police culture on authorities accountability.


Contention: Police culture is definitely an impediment to authorities accountability.

Principal points: Police culture has bred cynicism, racism and a ‘code of silence’, into the detriment of integrity, morality additionally the legislation.

A mixture of interior and outside settings are needed seriously to attain greater transparency and integrity.

Aim 1

Define police tradition.

Aim 1

Police tradition as defined by Chan.

Discuss issues with determining it.

Exactly just exactly How Chan’s meaning sets parameters because of this essay.

Aim 2

James and Warren outline the negative facets of authorities culture: ‘Code of silence’ and cynicism/pessimism within the police.

Aim 2

Topic sentence: ‘Code of silence’ is part of authorities culture which allows misconduct and corruption.

Proof (& analysis of proof): Kelling et al. highlight specific results with this including: punishment of authority, brutality, abuse of force, bribery…

How exactly does other studies to their view compare? Strengths/weaknesses?

Aim 3

Smith and Reside (2010) state that discrimination and racism is element of police tradition.

Aim 3

Topic phrase: Police be cynical of these social environment, and be separated or detached as a result which feeds into police culture. This unintentionally impedes accountability because it plays a role in indifference, violence, an ‘us and them’ mindset, workout of a greater level of authority and force, and also racism and discrimination.

Aim 4

Description regarding the separate figures that have already been founded to analyze and stop corruption.

Aim 4

Topic phrase: The establishment of separate figures to analyze and give a wide berth to misconduct and corruption are on their own proof difficulties with police culture customwritings.

Proof (& analysis of evidence): Chan, 1999; UBAC, OPI. Strengths/weaknesses of separate figures. Exactly How effective have actually they been? Compare viewpoints that are different.


Negative aspects of authorities culture impede authorities accountability.


Contention: Police culture is just one of the biggest hurdles to police accountability.

Wider importance: Both interior and outside legislation are needed seriously to protect the integrity of police in Australia

Version 1:

  • Does not respond to the essay concern within the introduction.
  • The contention is stated into the conclusion, but needs to be stated when you look at the introduction, then developed through the entire essay.
  • Paragraphs describe particular theories/ideas but don’t analyse them or say the way they assist to answer the essay question.

Variation 2:

  • States the contention into the introduction.
  • Claims are presented as a result to your essay question (within the subject sentences), and they are supported by analysed evidence.
  • Conclusion sums up argument and reflects on implications.


There is absolutely no set need for the true amount of paragraphs within an essay. The important things is the fact that argument is logically developed through a few well-structured paragraphs.